- CANNES 2020: Aurel signs a magnificent animated film about the Retirada, the painful exodus to France in 1939 of the antifrancoist Spanish people, through the story of artist Josep Bartoli
"It is bitter. We get used to it if we don’t die from it." French director Aurel and screenwriter Jean-Louis Milesi chose to tackle a hot topic in their remarkable film Josep [+see also:
film profile], recipient of a Cannes 73 Official Selection Label and unveiled at the Online Marché du Film. In February 1939, after the capture of Barcelona by the pro-Franco Falange Española, nearly 500,000 Spanish Republicans crossed the Pyrenees to find refuge in France where they were put into camps, in places including Argelès and Rivesaltes. Among them, the newspaper cartoonist Josep Bartoli whose path the film follows, through the story of a French policeman much kinder than the norm.
“These savages can die at home”. Beaten and humiliated by their sadistic French guards, Spanish refugees try to survive behind the barbed wire: “we’re letting those who fought against fascism die of hunger and illness. There is no drinking water or doctors, but scabies, scurvy, typhus and famine.” Josep, meanwhile, draws everything he sees, everywhere he can, on the ground, on the walls, and thus attracts the attention of Serge, a young and kind policeman who will soon help him in secret. It is in fact Serge, in the present day, in bed and nearing death, who is telling this story to his teenage grandson Valentin, whose curiosity has been sparked by a drawing on the wall.
Friendship and solidarity between imprisoned men and women, forced labour, bullying and rape, internal conflicts between communists, trotskyists and anarchists, the dangerous tentation to return to the home country, Josep’s hope to find his partner Maria Valdès who vanished during the exodus, Serge’s own investigation into her disappearance, the presence of Senegalese riflemen (“–I hear you’re hanging out with the negroes. –As colonised people, they are French just like you and me.”), escape and reunion after the war in Mexico where we briefly glimpse Frida Kahlo, the publication of the collection of drawings Campos de concentración, a post-mortem exhibition in New York of Josep Bartoli’s work: the film retraces the destiny of the politically engaged artist and unveils the shameful role played by the French police during World War II (“I was doing things that a French policeman was asked to do, and those things weren’t always pretty. I sometimes lended a hand to the Gestapo. I let all these people board those trains…”).
A fascinating history lesson masterfully directed by Aurel, making maximum use of Bartoli’s exceptional drawings fluidly inserted into a very sophisticated ensemble, in part thanks to an inventive use of transitions and a subtle play between black-and-white and colour. Emphasising the saving power of art and of the spirit of resistance within a hostile environment, Josep echoes the words of its protagonist perfectly: “beautiful ideas, if they do not meet a beautiful person, they become death.” However, Josep is very much alive.
Produced by Serge Lalou for Les Films d’Ici Méditerranée and co-produced by France 3 Cinéma, by Spanish company Imagic Telecom and by the studios Les Films du Poisson Rouge, Lunanime (Belgium), Promenons nous dans les bois, Tchak, Les Fées Spéciales and Effecto, Josep will be released in French cinemas on 30 September by Sophie Dulac Distribution. International sales are handled by The Party Film Sales.
(Translated from French)
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